Giro d'Italia 1990 : the real numbers of doping

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Last update 09/05/2024 - cyclisme-dopage.com

Statistics

The table below establishes, team by team, the count of the riders who have been or will be subsequently "pinned" in doping cases.

Teams Riders Pinned Top 10 Pinned Podium Pinned
Castorama 9 3 0 0 0 0
Alfa Lum 9 2 2 1 0 0
Amore & Vita 9 2 0 0 0 0
Carrera 9 6 0 0 0 0
Clas 9 1 1 1 0 0
Ariostea 9 3 1 0 0 0
Del Tongo 9 2 1 0 0 0
Diana 9 5 0 0 0 0
Frank 9 0 0 0 0 0
Gis 9 2 0 0 0 0
Italbonifica 9 2 0 0 0 0
Jolly 9 3 0 0 0 0
Malvor 9 3 0 0 0 0
ONCE 9 3 1 1 0 0
Panasonic 9 5 0 0 0 0
RMO 9 2 1 1 1 1
Château d'Ax 9 3 1 1 1 1
Selle Italia 9 1 1 0 0 0
Seur 9 1 1 0 1 0
7-Eleven 9 2 0 0 0 0
TVM 9 3 0 0 0 0
Z 9 3 0 0 0 0
Total 198 57 10 5 3 2
Pourcentage 29% 50% 67%

Pinned: Number of riders who violated the anti-doping rules.
Included in this category: riders who have been tested positive (including refuse to submit to doping control or hematocrit> 50%), having acknowledged having doped, having been sanctioned (by the justice, their federation or their team).
Not included (for example) : those whose sample B was negative.
Top 10: number of riders present in the top 10 of the final general classification.
Podium: number of riders present in the first 3 of the final general classification.

Other data :


The official ranking

Ranking source : www.tour-giro-vuelta.net (12/11/2010)

  1. Bugno Gianni in 91h51'08'' Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
  2. Mottet Charly at 0h06'33'' Yellow card 198x : confessions in 1989 (no penalty)
  3. Giovannetti Marco at 0h09'01''
  4. Pulnikov Vladimir at 0h12'19''
  5. Echave Musatadi Federico at 0h12'25'' Yellow card 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
  6. Chioccioli Franco at 0h12'36''
  7. Lejarreta Marino at 0h14'31'' Red card 1985 : positive control
  8. Ugrumov Piotr at 0h17'02'' Yellow card 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
  9. Lelli Massimiliano at 0h17'14''
  10. Sierra Leonardo at 0h19'12''
  11. Chozas Eduardo at 0h20'15''
  12. Chiappucci Claudio at 0h25'28'' Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
  13. Philipot Fabrice at 0h25'47''
  14. Lecchi Angelo at 0h26'01''
  15. Theunisse Gert-jan at 0h28'43'' Red card 1988 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 1990 : positive control
  16. Zaina Enrico at 0h30'29''
  17. Giupponi Flavio at 0h31'01'' Red card 1988 : absence to control
  18. Bagot Jean-claude at 0h31'58''
  19. Hodge Stephen at 0h33'54'' Red card 1991 : confessions in 2012
  20. Jaskula Zenon at 0h37'10'' Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
  21. Lemarchand François at 0h37'43''
  22. Vandelli Maurizio at 0h40'48''
  23. Boyer Eric at 0h43'06'' Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
  24. Duclos-lassalle Gilbert at 0h46'19'' Yellow card 1989 : absence to control (no penalty)
  25. Mauleon Javier at 0h47'01''
  26. Visentini Roberto at 0h47'25'' Red card 1988 : absence to control
  27. Pavlic Yure at 0h53'22''
  28. Amadori Marino at 0h55'37''
  29. Conti Roberto at 0h57'54'' Red card 2002 : in the act
  30. Konyshev Dimitri at 0h59'52''
  31. Vona Franco at 1h01'04''
  32. Chiurato Andrea at 1h02'27''
  33. Anderson Phil at 1h02'45'' Red card 1983 : positive control
  34. Ghirotto Massimo at 1h04'48''
  35. Massi Rodolfo at 1h06'32'' Red card 1998 : in the act ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  36. Perini Giancarlo at 1h10'14'' Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  37. Podenzana Massimo at 1h13'03'' Red card 1986 : positive control
  38. Volpi Alberto at 1h14'36'' Yellow card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
  39. Dahlberg Nathan at 1h14'42''
  40. Passera Camillo at 1h16'45''
  41. Bombini Emanuele at 1h16'59'' Red card 2000 : police investigation
  42. Gelfi Luca at 1h17'14''
  43. Camarillo Angel at 1h18'13''
  44. Faresin Gianni at 1h18'22'' Red card 2000 : blood test
  45. Saronni Giuseppe at 1h21'41'' Yellow card 1983 : disciplinary investigation (no penalty)
  46. Rozas Salgado Juan-carlos at 1h23'23''
  47. Espinosa Sampere Francisco at 1h29'00''
  48. Abadie Henri at 1h32'15''
  49. Da Silva Acacio at 1h32'58'' Red card 1984 : positive control
  50. Ichikawa Masatoshi at 1h33'29''
  51. Stutz Werner at 1h34'10''
  52. Pedersen Alex at 1h34'11'' Yellow card 200x : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
  53. De La Cruz Martinez Roque at 1h42'16'' Yellow card 1988 : positive control (sanction not known)
  54. Vitali Marco at 1h42'51''
  55. Rossi Maurizio at 1h45'54''
  56. Piasecki Lech at 1h47'47''
  57. Brun Frédéric at 1h56'27''
  58. Giuliani Stefano at 1h56'37''
  59. Rue Gérard at 1h57'07''
  60. Piovani Maurizio at 1h57'26''
  61. Roscioli Fabio at 1h58'42''
  62. Zen Marco at 2h01'00''
  63. Bennington Wayne at 2h01'54''
  64. Bianchini Stefano at 2h02'13''
  65. Santaromita Mauro-antonio at 2h03'21'' Red card 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
  66. Cattai Stefano at 2h03'38''
  67. Casado Philippe at 2h06'48''
  68. Jacobs Patrick at 2h07'43''
  69. Pagnin Roberto at 2h07'58''
  70. Diaz Zabala Pedro at 2h08'49''
  71. Rodriguez Gil Manuel at 2h08'55''
  72. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan at 2h09'21''
  73. Simon Pascal at 2h09'32'' Red card 1983 : positive control
  74. Joho Stephan at 2h10'29''
  75. Rooks Steven at 2h11'37'' Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
  76. Sorensen Rolf at 2h13'05'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)
  77. Vairetti Raimondo at 2h14'11''
  78. Diaz Zabala Herminio at 2h15'02''
  79. Saitov Asiate at 2h15'57''
  80. Bishop Andy at 2h17'16'' Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)
  81. Garde Dominique at 2h17'34''
  82. Jentner Jens at 2h20'39''
  83. Lietti Marco at 2h22'10''
  84. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria at 2h23'07''
  85. Pierobon Gianluca at 2h25'33'' Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
  86. Savini Claudio at 2h25'36''
  87. De Koning Louis at 2h28'53''
  88. Castro Daniele at 2h29'46''
  89. Villanueva Jose-luis at 2h30'36''
  90. Niederberger Herbert at 2h31'27''
  91. Schur Jan at 2h32'04''
  92. Saligari Marco at 2h32'34''
  93. Pedersen Per at 2h34'15'' Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  94. Lavainne Christophe at 2h35'26''
  95. Colotti Jean-claude at 2h37'05''
  96. Rabottini Luciano at 2h38'05''
  97. Tchmil Andrei at 2h38'25''
  98. Ducrot Maarten at 2h42'30'' Yellow card 1982 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1990 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
  99. Carcano Sergio at 2h42'39''
  100. Riis Bjarne at 2h47'56'' Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)
  101. Rodriguez Garcia José at 2h48'26''
  102. Gallo Daniele at 2h49'40''
  103. Klimov Viktor at 2h49'53''
  104. Manin Christophe at 2h53'13''
  105. Lemond Greg at 2h53'18''
  106. Botarelli Paolo at 2h53'23''
  107. Rigamonti Gianluca at 2h53'28''
  108. Garcia Melia Federico at 2h54'05''
  109. Ballerini Franco at 2h55'28'' Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
  110. Garcia Martinez José Rafael at 2h57'13''
  111. Cesarini Francesco at 2h57'22''
  112. Schalkers Martin at 2h59'58''
  113. Pierce Jeff at 3h00'35''
  114. Rossignoli Francesco at 3h01'52''
  115. Barale Florido at 3h02'49''
  116. Holenweger Bruno at 3h04'59''
  117. Duch Ballestar Javier at 3h05'51''
  118. Bontempi Guido at 3h07'50'' Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
  119. Marie Thierry at 3h08'23''
  120. Leali Bruno at 3h13'53'' Red card 2010 : police investigation
  121. Bordonali Fabio at 3h14'20''
  122. Aldanondo Xabier at 3h14'35''
  123. Bortolami Gianluca at 3h14'36'' Red card 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control
  124. Cimini Paolo at 3h14'38''
  125. Ouslamine Serguei at 3h14'48''
  126. Furlan Giorgio at 3h19'55'' Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
  127. Alvis Norman at 3h23'26''
  128. Poisson Pascal at 3h23'32'' Yellow card 198x : aveux en 2021 (no penalty)
  129. Rozendal Harry at 3h24'17''
  130. Lorenzon Silvano at 3h26'18''
  131. Vermote Michel at 3h27'50''
  132. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine at 3h31'23'' Red card 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
  133. Fidanza Giovanni at 3h31'50''
  134. Canzonieri Angelo at 3h35'05''
  135. Convalle Fabrizio at 3h36'07'' Yellow card 1990 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
  136. Andreu Frankie at 3h37'19'' Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
  137. Chiesa Mario at 3h38'09'' Yellow card 1993 : police investigation (no penalty)
  138. Bruggmann Jurg at 3h38'12''
  139. Rosola Paolo at 3h38'47''
  140. Oliveira Boga José-manuel at 3h38'59''
  141. Pelliconi Roberto at 3h40'22''
  142. Cipollini Mario at 3h42'52'' Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
  143. Wust Marcel at 3h44'18''
  144. Peiper Allan at 3h43'43'' Red card 1986 : absence to control ; 1985 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
  145. Baffi Adriano at 3h43'55''
  146. Fanelli Antonio at 3h44'05''
  147. Bruscoli Simone at 3h44'33''
  148. Moreda Garcia Tizon Casimiro at 3h44'38''
  149. Martinello Silvio at 3h45'07''
  150. Gioia Danilo at 3h45'57''
  151. Breme Stefano at 3h48'19''
  152. Zanatta Stefano at 3h50'57''
  153. Scremin Sergio at 3h51'23''
  154. Van Poppel Jean-paul at 3h51'54''
  155. Bankine Konstantin at 3h54'50''
  156. Siemons Jan at 3h59'47''
  157. Ducrot Pascal at 3h59'50''
  158. Rodriguez Carbalid Jesus at 4h00'04''
  159. Lammerts Johan at 4h04'20''
  160. Strazzer Giovanni at 4h06'12''
  161. De Rooy Theo at 4h08'05'' Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2014 (no penalty)
  162. Allocchio Stefano at 4h10'31''
  163. Di Basco Alessio at 4h27'11'' Red card 1992 : positive control

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


The alternative ranking

The ranking as it would be if we excluded all racers "pinned" in doping cases during their career.

  1. Giovannetti Marco
  2. Pulnikov Vladimir
  3. Chioccioli Franco
  4. Lelli Massimiliano
  5. Sierra Leonardo
  6. Chozas Eduardo
  7. Philipot Fabrice
  8. Lecchi Angelo
  9. Zaina Enrico
  10. Bagot Jean-claude
  11. Lemarchand François
  12. Vandelli Maurizio
  13. Mauleon Javier
  14. Pavlic Yure
  15. Amadori Marino
  16. Konyshev Dimitri
  17. Vona Franco
  18. Chiurato Andrea
  19. Ghirotto Massimo
  20. Dahlberg Nathan
  21. Passera Camillo
  22. Gelfi Luca
  23. Camarillo Angel
  24. Rozas Salgado Juan-carlos
  25. Espinosa Sampere Francisco
  26. Abadie Henri
  27. Ichikawa Masatoshi
  28. Stutz Werner
  29. Vitali Marco
  30. Rossi Maurizio
  31. Piasecki Lech
  32. Brun Frédéric
  33. Giuliani Stefano
  34. Rue Gérard
  35. Piovani Maurizio
  36. Roscioli Fabio
  37. Zen Marco
  38. Bennington Wayne
  39. Bianchini Stefano
  40. Cattai Stefano
  41. Casado Philippe
  42. Jacobs Patrick
  43. Pagnin Roberto
  44. Diaz Zabala Pedro
  45. Rodriguez Gil Manuel
  46. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan
  47. Joho Stephan
  48. Vairetti Raimondo
  49. Diaz Zabala Herminio
  50. Saitov Asiate
  51. Garde Dominique
  52. Jentner Jens
  53. Lietti Marco
  54. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria
  55. Savini Claudio
  56. De Koning Louis
  57. Castro Daniele
  58. Villanueva Jose-luis
  59. Niederberger Herbert
  60. Schur Jan
  61. Saligari Marco
  62. Lavainne Christophe
  63. Colotti Jean-claude
  64. Rabottini Luciano
  65. Tchmil Andrei
  66. Carcano Sergio
  67. Rodriguez Garcia José
  68. Gallo Daniele
  69. Klimov Viktor
  70. Manin Christophe
  71. Lemond Greg
  72. Botarelli Paolo
  73. Rigamonti Gianluca
  74. Garcia Melia Federico
  75. Garcia Martinez José Rafael
  76. Cesarini Francesco
  77. Schalkers Martin
  78. Pierce Jeff
  79. Rossignoli Francesco
  80. Barale Florido
  81. Holenweger Bruno
  82. Duch Ballestar Javier
  83. Marie Thierry
  84. Bordonali Fabio
  85. Aldanondo Xabier
  86. Cimini Paolo
  87. Ouslamine Serguei
  88. Alvis Norman
  89. Rozendal Harry
  90. Lorenzon Silvano
  91. Vermote Michel
  92. Fidanza Giovanni
  93. Canzonieri Angelo
  94. Bruggmann Jurg
  95. Rosola Paolo
  96. Oliveira Boga José-manuel
  97. Pelliconi Roberto
  98. Wust Marcel
  99. Baffi Adriano
  100. Fanelli Antonio
  101. Bruscoli Simone
  102. Moreda Garcia Tizon Casimiro
  103. Martinello Silvio
  104. Gioia Danilo
  105. Breme Stefano
  106. Zanatta Stefano
  107. Scremin Sergio
  108. Van Poppel Jean-paul
  109. Bankine Konstantin
  110. Siemons Jan
  111. Ducrot Pascal
  112. Rodriguez Carbalid Jesus
  113. Lammerts Johan
  114. Strazzer Giovanni
  115. Allocchio Stefano


The list of participants

The list of participants by team

Castorama

24 years of existence, 22 cases, ie 0,92 per year

1. Fignon Laurent Red card 1984 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1987 : positive control ; 1987 : confessions in 2009 (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 198x : confessions in 2009 (no penalty)
2. Dubois Pascal
3. Lavainne Christophe
4. Rue Gérard
5. Simon Pascal Red card 1983 : positive control
6. Marie Thierry
7. Garde Dominique
8. Philipot Fabrice
9. Riis Bjarne Red card 198x : confessions in 2010 (no penalty) ; 1993 : confessions in 2007 ; 1995 : police investigation (no penalty)

Alfa Lum

8 years of existence, 1 case, ie 0,13 per year

11. Konyshev Dimitri
12. Ugrumov Piotr Yellow card 1995 : judicial investigation (sanction not known)
13. Pulnikov Vladimir
14. Abdoujaparov Djamolidine Red card 1989 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control ; 1997 : positive control
15. Tchmil Andrei
16. Ouslamine Serguei
17. Klimov Viktor
18. Saitov Asiate
19. Bankine Konstantin

Amore & Vita

33 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,27 per year

21. Gavazzi Pierino Red card 2004 : judicial investigation
22. Barale Florido
23. Bruscoli Simone
24. Castro Daniele
25. Chiurato Andrea
26. Convalle Fabrizio Yellow card 1990 : confessions in 1996 (no penalty)
27. Della Santa Stefano
28. Pelliconi Roberto
29. Giraldi Stefano

Carrera

21 years of existence, 11 cases, ie 0,52 per year

31. Giupponi Flavio Red card 1988 : absence to control
32. Bontempi Guido Red card 1987 : positive control ; 1993 : police investigation
33. Ghirotto Massimo
34. Pavlic Yure
35. Zaina Enrico
36. Chiesa Mario Yellow card 1993 : police investigation (no penalty)
37. Chiappucci Claudio Red card 1993 : police investigation ; 1997 : blood test ; 1997 : blood test
38. Perini Giancarlo Yellow card 199x : judicial investigation (no penalty)
39. Da Silva Acacio Red card 1984 : positive control

Clas

6 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,33 per year

41. Camarillo Angel
42. Sevilla Torral Juan-carlos
43. Duch Ballestar Javier
44. Echave Musatadi Federico Yellow card 1995 : positive control (sanction not known)
45. Rodriguez Carbalid Jesus
46. Mauleon Javier
47. Moreda Garcia Tizon Casimiro
48. Ochaita Sanz Francisco Julian
49. Oliveira Boga José-manuel

Ariostea

10 years of existence, 2 cases, ie 0,2 per year

51. Baffi Adriano
52. Carcano Sergio
53. Saligari Marco
54. Conti Roberto Red card 2002 : in the act
55. Joho Stephan
56. Lelli Massimiliano
57. Lietti Marco
58. Massi Rodolfo Red card 1998 : in the act ; 1998 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
59. Sorensen Rolf Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2013 (no penalty) ; 1993 : judicial investigation (no penalty)

Del Tongo

10 years of existence, 3 cases, ie 0,3 per year

61. Amadori Marino
62. Ballerini Franco Red card 1994 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1996 : positive control
63. Cesarini Francesco
64. Chioccioli Franco
65. Cipollini Mario Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
66. Zen Marco
67. Gelfi Luca
68. Lecchi Angelo
69. Roscioli Fabio

Diana

71. Saronni Giuseppe Yellow card 1983 : disciplinary investigation (no penalty)
72. Bombini Emanuele Red card 2000 : police investigation
73. Bordonali Fabio
74. Furlan Giorgio Yellow card 1999 : police investigation (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known)
75. Piovani Maurizio
76. Halupczok Joachim
77. Piasecki Lech
78. Jaskula Zenon Yellow card 1993 : confessions in 2007 (no penalty)
79. Bortolami Gianluca Red card 1998 : confessions (sanction not known) ; 1999 : judicial search (sanction not known) ; 2000 : blood test (sanction not known) ; 2003 : positive control

Frank

81. Bruggmann Jurg
82. Ducrot Pascal
83. Holenweger Bruno
84. Rodriguez Gil Manuel
85. Jentner Jens
86. Ichikawa Masatoshi
87. Steiger Daniel
88. Stutz Werner
89. Vitali Marco

Gis

91. Contini Silvano Red card 1987 : positive control
92. Vandelli Maurizio
93. Di Basco Alessio Red card 1992 : positive control
94. Rosola Paolo
95. Rabottini Luciano
96. Bottaro Dario
97. Gioia Danilo
98. Canzonieri Angelo
99. Cimini Paolo

Italbonifica

101. Allocchio Stefano
102. Arlotti Stefano
103. Bianchini Stefano
104. Cipollini Cesare
105. Fontanelli Fabiano Red card 1996 : positive control ; 2001 : blood test
106. Moro Michele
107. Podenzana Massimo Red card 1986 : positive control
108. Rando Dario
109. Rigamonti Gianluca

Jolly

111. Visentini Roberto Red card 1988 : absence to control
112. Botarelli Paolo
113. Cattai Stefano
114. Colage Stefano Red card 2021 : positive control
115. Rossi Maurizio
116. Giuliani Stefano
117. Leali Bruno Red card 2010 : police investigation
118. Martinello Silvio
119. Rossignoli Francesco

Malvor

121. Tonetti Gianluca
122. Pagnin Roberto
123. Faresin Gianni Red card 2000 : blood test
124. Strazzer Giovanni
125. Gallo Daniele
126. Lorenzon Silvano
127. Pierobon Gianluca Yellow card 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
128. Tomasini Stefano
129. Citterio Giuseppe Yellow card 1991 : positive control (sanction not known)

ONCE

18 years of existence, 19 cases, ie 1,06 per year

131. Chozas Eduardo
132. Diaz De Otazu Luis-maria
133. Diaz Zabala Herminio
134. Diaz Zabala Pedro
135. Hodge Stephen Red card 1991 : confessions in 2012
136. Lejarreta Marino Red card 1985 : positive control
137. Aldanondo Xabier
138. Pedersen Alex Yellow card 200x : confessions in 2015 (no penalty)
139. Villanueva Jose-luis

Panasonic

20 years of existence, 9 cases, ie 0,45 per year

141. Rozendal Harry
142. Freuler Urs Red card 1990 : positive control ; 1991 : positive control
143. Van Lancker Eric
144. De Koning Louis
145. Peiper Allan Red card 1986 : absence to control ; 1985 : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
146. Van Poppel Jean-paul
147. Rooks Steven Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : confessions in 1998 & 2009 (no penalty)
148. De Rooy Theo Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2014 (no penalty)
149. Theunisse Gert-jan Red card 1988 : positive control ; 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty) ; 1989 : positive control ; 1990 : positive control

RMO

151. Mottet Charly Yellow card 198x : confessions in 1989 (no penalty)
152. Colotti Jean-claude
153. Manin Christophe
154. Brun Frédéric
155. Rezze Dante
156. Bagot Jean-claude
157. Pedersen Per Yellow card 199x : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
158. Vermote Michel
159. Wust Marcel

Château d'Ax

161. Bugno Gianni Red card 1994 : positive control ; 1997 : judicial investigation (no penalty) ; 1999 : in the act
162. Fidanza Giovanni
163. Volpi Alberto Yellow card 1993 : positive control (no penalty) ; 1997 : absence to control (no penalty)
164. Vona Franco
165. Zanatta Stefano
166. Santaromita Mauro-antonio Red card 1997 : blood test ; 199x : blood test (no penalty)
167. Passera Camillo
168. Schur Jan
169. Tebaldi Valerio

Selle Italia

171. Sierra Leonardo
172. Tafi Andrea Yellow card 1998 : senate inquiry (no penalty)
173. Wyder Daniel
174. Fanelli Antonio
175. Vairetti Raimondo
176. Niederberger Herbert
177. Savini Claudio
178. Scremin Sergio
179. Breme Stefano

Seur

24 years of existence, 6 cases, ie 0,25 per year

181. Giovannetti Marco
182. Rodriguez Garcia José
183. Unzaga Bombin Jon
184. Rozas Salgado Juan-carlos
185. Espinosa Sampere Francisco
186. Garcia Martinez José Rafael
187. De La Cruz Martinez Roque Yellow card 1988 : positive control (sanction not known)
188. Ridaura Sebastian Vicente-juan
189. Garcia Melia Federico

7-Eleven

16 years of existence, 4 cases, ie 0,25 per year

191. Zimmermann Urs
192. Pierce Jeff
193. Andreu Frankie Yellow card 1995 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
194. Alvis Norman
195. Tomac John
196. Dahlberg Nathan
197. Knickman Roy
198. Craven Thomas
199. Bishop Andy Yellow card 1988 : journalistic investigation (no penalty)

TVM

25 years of existence, 33 cases, ie 1,32 per year

201. Anderson Phil Red card 1983 : positive control
202. Skibby Jesper Yellow card 1990 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1991 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty) ; 1992 : confessions in 2006 (no penalty)
203. Ducrot Maarten Yellow card 1982 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known) ; 1990 : confessions in 1998 (sanction not known)
204. Jacobs Patrick
205. Siemons Jan
206. Pedersen Dag-erik
207. Hanegraaf Jaak
208. Sunderland Scott
209. Schalkers Martin

Z

211. Lemond Greg
212. Abadie Henri
213. Bennington Wayne
214. Boyer Eric Yellow card 198x : confessions in 2005 (no penalty)
215. Casado Philippe
216. Duclos-lassalle Gilbert Yellow card 1989 : absence to control (no penalty)
217. Lemarchand François
218. Poisson Pascal Yellow card 198x : aveux en 2021 (no penalty)
219. Lammerts Johan

Red card reports a rider who was sanctioned in a doping case
Yellow card reports a rider pinned in our doping directory but who has not been sanctioned or whose we are not aware of the possible sanction


See also